Friday, March 20, 2009
exterior perspective - 2
interior perspective - 2
sections - 2
detail of interior hardware
detail of exterior hardware
1/8th inch scale ink on bond for all drawings
I - introduction
a. what the building is used for
b. when it was built
II. history of the building
a. old building that held the country music hall of fame
b. differences between old building and new building.
III - Exterior
a. who designed it
b. talk about the design firm
c. symbolic meaning behind exterior design
IV - interior
a. who designed the interior
b. what the interior represents and why it was made the way that it is
V. - conclusion
a. commodity firmness and delight
Tuesday, March 17, 2009
Wednesday, March 4, 2009
Another technique used to create the impression of heaven on earth and to make the massive buildings appear to be even bigger was painting, commonly frescos. "Both woodworking techniques and painting were used to extend space". (Blakemore 97) This was a common thing to see in Florence interiors. They focused a lot on detail and used a lot of different techniques, "of decorative techniques used for both walls and furniture intarsia was a central phenomenon of the period, used to represent perspective schemes of architecture." (Blakemore 97) Another technique used for decoration during the middle ages was stained glass. The architects used as much window space as possible in order to use stained glass as a sort of diagram or storyboard to tell stories. This also ties in with the idea of letting light into the buildings, because light was so important.
There was a strong sense of composition in the construction of the cathedrals. The was a standard that they all shared. "More than any previous medieval building type the gothic cathedral was quickly standardized in its plan and basic components."(Roth 333) Early gothic churches of chartres standardized the components. "by the time the last of these was begun, cathedral architecture had reached the stage called high gothic, fully developed in all its consituent and intedgraded parts, pointed arches and broken rib vaulting, skeletonized structure and exterior flying buttress.(Roth 333)
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
In the Gothic style they took the form of the Greek orders as a precedent and stretched them as high as they could to reach towards the heavens. They took building upwards to a new extreme with the Amiens Cathedral. Not only did the medieval style use Greek orders as a precedent. "From the collapse of the Roman Empire to the end of the middle ages, two international styles of art had the greatest import for medieval western Europe: Romanesque and Gothic."(Blakemore 68).
Precedents have been used for architecture from one culture to the next, after the fall of the Roman Empire was not the first time. "Both form and inorante Roman design was based on greek prototypes"(blakemore 67) and the Greeks used Egyptian architecture as a prototype for theirs. within medieval middle ages architecture "innovations in European castle design were inspired in part by what the crusaders saw of the fortifications around Constantinople and also from what they learned of fortifications built by the muslims" (Roth 307)
We can relate duality to drawing as well as to social orders and architecture. In class we did a drawing of our bedrooms how we remembered them. The duality being drawing from life as aposed to drawing from memory. It was hard to get some of the details and proportions right as well as perspective. When drawing the room we had to think of a specific moment and draw how we remembered the room that morning. Its easy to get the basics of the room down because you are so familiar with a room like your bedroom but to capture the moment from memory was really hard.
We also drew moments when we went out to various buildings. We had to draw various rooms and we had to make sure to add a scale figure to give it a feeling of presence and not just an empty building. Adding the scale figures really captured the moment because there is action and you can see how the various rooms funtion.
Along with drawing thumbnails we were told to draw the building in more depth, by drawing the buildings bigger we were able to capture the moment even better. When drawing the buildings bigger we were suposd to pick an artists work as a precedent and mimic their drawing techniques in our own. It was important to feel the presence of the artist techniques with out completly changing our own techniques.
One way of trying to capture a moment was when we were asked as a warm up to draw the teacher assistants. We only had five minutes to capture what they were doing, or to capture the moment which made it really difficult to add any detail, because i was focusing more on trying to get the proportions down.
One way that the Amiens Cathedral captures a moment is by having this piece in the center of the cathedral. It represents the Architects that worked on it and the archbishop of the cathedral. This captures various moments, it represents the time that each of the three architects worked on the project and the work that they did. It also gives a sense of presence in that the octaganal plank that the architects and archbishop are represented on will always be there.
The architect that built the foundation of the Amiens Cathedral used a metric system to lay out the floor plan. The floor was made up Roman feet which are 29.5 cm each. It was made up of tiles, in a very geometic pattern. Geometric patterns line the floors.
Overall this week I was able to draw a lot of connections between the Prompt words, our classes, and the world around me. There are examples of duality all around us, capturing the moment has a duality between real life, and memory. Drawing people in the moment, or having representations of people in a space gives the space or drawing a presense. There is geomety and the metric system present whether we measure in what our idea of a foot is or a Roman foot. And there are precedents present in every thing we do, whether its exterior architecture or interior architecture, or drawing.
Amiens Cathedral image found athttp://cache.virtualtourist.com/2048276-Amiens_cathedral-Amiens.jpg
Dome Image found at http://farm1.static.flickr.com/209/482369492_fde864f90c.jpg
Friday, February 20, 2009
i chose to do the ryman auditorium because it is a building with a lot of history. It is the home of the famous grand ole opry, and still has many musical guests come play there. Its located in Nashville TN. The Ryman auditorium was the home for the Johnny Cash show. It was built by Thomas Ryman, a riverboat captain from Nashville
Tuesday, February 17, 2009
We have been been focusing on the idea of Archetypes, prototypes, and hybrids. This idea is present in the relationship between the different cultures that we have began to study, mainly the transition from Greek culture to Roman culture and their arts and architecture both exterior and interior. "While several races were prominent among the settling peoples of the Italian peninsula, two in particular were instrumental in shaping the arts of the Romans, the Etruscans and the Greeks."(Blakemore 45). The Romans started to use the Greek buildings as prototypes for their own buildings. They used the idea of the Greek Orders. The Greek orders are the type of columns that they used throughout their architecture, these include Tuscan, Doric, ionic, Corinthian and composite.
One of the most famous buildings in Roman culture is the Pantheon. "The Pantheon was the culmination of important experiments that had been pursued for over two centuries" (Roth 259) which would make it a hybrid building. The Pantheon was not a whole temple, but rather the front of a temple with a plain building behind the entrance. The Pantheon was a prototype for the famous dome shape in architecture. The dome represented the universe because the Romans had a lot of faith in their gods. They were a polytheistic culture like the Egyptians and the Greeks.
"The Romans not only used ideas for architecture from the Greeks, but they also used the Greek Gods as a source for their own Gods. "After contact with the Greeks, the Romans invested their civic, or state, gods with much of the character of the Olympian Gods, so that Jupiter became nearly the same as Zeus." (Roth 250)
The way that the Romans used the Greeks as a source for their Gods, and their Architecture relates to our drawing class, in that we were asked to find examples, or sources, of other artists scale figure drawings. We were then supposed to use the styles that we found to go out and try it on our own. Although I used different artists styles for inspiration my scale figures had their own style completely. It was just helpful to look at other examples to help get the proportions right. Also after being asked to do this, we were asked to find examples of different styles of buildings, both exteriors and interiors, and again even after looking at the different styles, i still came out with my own style combined with the examples that i found, which would make my drawings somewhat of a hybrid.
Wednesday, February 11, 2009
We have been focusing a lot on comparing and contrasting, we took a look at the difference between Khufu's, great pyramid at Giza, a pyramid built for a man, and Hatshepsut's temple of Karnak, a temple made for a women. Both were constructed in a giant scale, however one is a tomb and one is a temple. The tomb has no main entrance, while the temple has a giant entrance with a staircase ramp leading you to the entrance. Both of them show a sense of Unity, the pyramids because there are three large ones, and three small ones that are all the same shape. The temple has pillars that line the border, the even spacing between them give a sense of unity to the buildings exterior.
After going over Egypt, we moved on to Greek architecture. Greece was within traveling distance to ancient egypt which explains why there was a lot of influence from Egyptian architecture in Greece. Like the Egyptian mastaba "the private houses of the Greeks generally were small and unelaborated." (roth 226) The scale of the private housing to the more important public housing had a massive difference. "The largest Greek public buildings were open to the air and included theaters and stadia for athletic events." (roth 227). The most important building in Greece was the Parthenon. This was a temple that only the Deity's were aloud, common people were not aloud to worship in it. This is one of many examples of the hierarchical scale in Greece at that time, another example would be the fact that only rich citizen males were aloud to vote in their democracy. One way to compare and contrast Greek and Egyptian culture was "Egypt's greatest architectural remnants are buildings dedicated to funerary practices" (roth 188), and Greeks most important buildings were dedicated to worship. This is a similarities in that the only reason why the funerary purposes in Egypt were so important was their strong belief in the after life, and their belief in their Gods.
The architecture in Greece has a lot of qualities that many prehistoric sites have. The columns placed in the early megaron were along the outside of the building in straight lines spaced apart to be visually appealing, much like stone henge and Carnac. The columns are to re enforce the boundaries to the megaron, much like the stones at Carnac and stone henge were placed to represent the boundaries of the site.
In the construction of the large scale buildings such as theaters and stadia they did not have as tight of boundaries as the smaller buildings. "It was fortunate that the generally benign Greek climate made it possible to build theaters in the open for there was no predictable way to cover a building seating fourteen thousand people." (roth 229)
The Greeks had a main focus on making everything perfect, or ideal. They strived for perfection in the construction of all their buildings. "The aspects that have made the Parthenon so special from the time of its creation include the extraordinary precision of its construction and the subtleties and refinements used in its design."(Roth 237)"Each component block or column drum, each piece of narrative sculpture, was crafted to perfection in the best available materials(roth 242) when constructing the Parthenon. The Parthenon was also built in a large scale to make it stand out and look more impressive, "It measures roughly 101.5 by 228 feet and the order rises 45 feet to the top of the cornice." (roth 236)
We have been doing a lot of vignettes in class, and out of class. we had to go out to public places and draw people and the things that surround them. I found it very difficult to make the people look realistic, so my people are some what stylized. This reminds me of the stylized people from the paintings of Egypt, because they were not realistic, but they are shared the same style.When we did our vignettes were talked about really trying to get the proportions right, one of the exercises that we had to do was draw 50 scale figures. This was difficult for me because i could not get the hands or faces to look right even after i saw the examples from the website.
Another thing that i found to be really hard was trying to draw someone sitting down in front of you. i could not get it to look realistic at all.
After talking about furniture in History, and how the stool was the most important piece of furniture in the Greek culture, we had to design and draw a stool, or chair of some sort. We had to do many different drawings including a section.
photo found at http://www.thetravelpeach.com/europe-vacations/greece/parthenon-acropolis.jpg
Tuesday, February 10, 2009
Me and some of my friends always go to jimmy johns togethe when we get food. we decided to go to jimmy johns so i decided to draw. i found it really hard to add a lot of detail, but i was able to incorperate forshortening in the vignette.
I went to winston over the weekend and because it was so nice out we went for a walk arond town. We found a really awesome building that had been tagged all over it. This is my friend jason sitting on the front stoop of the house. The way i didnt add the face makes him look a lot older than he is, and i had no idea how hard it was going to be to add color to the graffiti and make it look realistic.
Me and some friends were all hanging out so i decided to draw my friend Steven. The way he was sitting made it really awkward to draw him, also it was really hard to draw the things around him because they dont really look like any sort of recognizable object
Wednesday, February 4, 2009
The famous pyramids at Giza were made out of sand stone. The pyramids are a good representation of Wotton's three criteria, commodity, firmness and delight. The delight in the pyramids comes from not only the exterior, but also the interior. The pyramids were made in a large scale, the exterior was made white and shiny and the tip of the pyramid was made of gold which glared in the sun, blinding anyone who would look at it. The inside of the pyramids were decorated and filled with riches. The reason for this is because the pyramids were used as tombs. Ancient Egypt's greatest architectural remnants are buildings dedicated to funerary practices (Roth 188) The interiors had decorative paintings, hieroglyphics, and furniture. The afterlife was more important than human life, so they sent the dead away with all the goods and riches they would need in the afterlife.
Another good example of commodity, firmness and delight would be the Hypostyle Hall, "A roofed chamber filled with columns and lit by clerestory windows (Roth 206) The hall is made of massive columns that are decorated with hieroglyphics and paintings. The fact that it is still standing today shows how good the structural integrity is, which is amazing considering the lack of technology and tools when it was built.
Pyramid image http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/africa/egypt/images/giza-pyramids.jpg
Hieroglyphics image http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/2102/PreviewComp/SuperStock_2102-1012.jpg
Monday, February 2, 2009
Wednesday, January 28, 2009
Iron used for weapons and tools
Hunting and gathering in Japan
Painted grey ware developes
Gough's cave, Cheddar gorge and Somerset were used as hunting bases.
Red slipped ware in use at Makne, Aore Island
Arapus ware in use at Efate Island, Vanuatu
Rameses VII becomes Pharaoh
Rameses VIII becomes Pharaoh
Fortified hilltop sites develop
Assassination of Apheidas
First use of flying buttresses in construction of St. Denis
In Paris, Abbot Suger began the construction of the church of St. Denis in Gothic style
Unique Durham coins produced
Cotton garments widely used in Andes
Lothair III of Saxony crowned Holy Roman Emperor
King Henry V dies
Gane Becomes King of Ghana
Georgios IV becomes ruler of Makuria
David I becomes king of United Scotland
Death of Henry I
Stephen Becomes King of England
Majan Wagadou becomes King of Ghana
The Knights Templar founded in Jerusalem
The first Lateran Council condemns Simony
Lalibela Established as capitol city of Christian Ethiopia
Diet of Worms
The first Lateran Council condemns clerical marriage
Kingdom of Mapunguwe develops
Abbot Suger begins the construction of the Church of St. Denis
Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire, founded by Benedictine Monks
Leicester Abbey - St. Mary de Pratis is founded
Mint established at Durham
Croatia unites with Hungary
Organized societies develop in the Hawaiian Islands